The Chrysler brand is a vehicle division of the Chrysler group, which has a long and sometimes rocky history. The brand currently targets customers seeking for affordable luxury.
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Walter P. Chrysler was a railroad tycoon who worked at Buick and Willys-Overland before establishing his own car company in 1925. A year prior, he developed his first car, the 1924 Chrysler Six, which featured a six-cylinder engine as well as four-wheel hydraulic brakes, an industry first.
The Imperial was launched the following year to compete with Cadillac and Lincoln with various body styles, including two- or four-seat roadsters, a four-person coupe, five-passenger sedan and ever larger limousine models. It remained the brand’s flagship vehicle for much of its history.
Chrysler continued its innovation of the automobile in the ‘30s with the streamlined Airflow, Airstream, the Royal, the New Yorker and the Saratoga, many of which were powered by 8-cylinder engines. The Windsor sedan and the limited-run Newport were launched in 1940, while the Town & Country appeared in 1941, initially as a wood-paneled station wagon.
In 1951, Chrysler introduced its first V8 engine featuring a hemispherical combustion chamber design. The 1950's saw Chrysler develop its 300 “letter series”. Padded dashboards, the push-button transmission and power steering were also introduced in the decade.
Over the years, Chrysler’s R&D developed a turbine engine, which equipped the experimental 1963 Turbine Car. Only 55 were produced, and the project was eventually abandoned.
The mid-1970s saw the introduction of more V8-powered rear-wheel drive cars like the Cordoba coupe and mid-size LeBaron in coupe, sedan and wagon formats. The oil and energy crises had hit the automotive industry hard, but Lee Iacocca's arrival in 1978 ensured Chrysler's survival. The first result of his work was the short-lived Imperial coupe, produced from 1981 to 1983, which featured a digital instrument panel.
Meanwhile, in 1982, the front-wheel drive K-car platform was introduced to compete with the more fuel-efficient Japanese manufacturers; many of Chrysler's were spawned off it, such as the LeBaron and LeBaron GTS, the E-Class, the Town & Country wagon, the New Yorker, the Laser coupe and the Canada-only Daytona coupe. The K platform was the basis for the S platform used under Chrysler’s minivans, launched in 1984. The division would eventually get its own in 1990 as the Town & Country.
Iacocca, the K-car and the modern minivan had saved Chrysler from bankruptcy. So well, in fact, that the company actually owned Italian supercar maker Lamborghini from 1987 to 1993. Chrysler even collaborated with Maserati to produce what was called Chrysler’s TC by Maserati, a short-lived failure.
The '90s saw a robust Chrysler produce a host of vehicles. The Sebring replaced the LeBaron coupe and convertible, the Cirrus replaced the LeBaron sedan and the Concorde replaced the Fifth Avenue. The Imperial name was back in the line-up briefly, but was replaced by the LHS. By the end of the decade, the 300M was introduced in replacement of the New Yorker.
From 2000 to 2002, a Chrysler-badged version of the Dodge Neon was offered in Canada, while the successful, retro-styled PT Cruiser was introduced in 2001. That same year, the Sebring sedan replaced the Cirrus, while the 300 sedan replaced the Concorde in 2005. Models that came and went during the decade include the Prowler roadster, the Crossfire coupe and convertible with a Mercedes-Benz powertrain, the Pacifica which was arguably the first crossover in North America as well as the full-size Aspen SUV which briefly offered a hybrid powertrain.
Meanwhile, the Chrysler group merged with Daimler in 1998 to become DaimlerChrysler. The company then sold Chrysler to Cerberus Capital Management in 2007, which became Chrysler LLC, and after declaring Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2009, was bought out by Italian automaker Fiat.
The current Chrysler division line-up consists of the mid-size 200 sedan and 200 convertible, the full-size 300 sedan and the Town & Country minivan.
Motivation itself is one of the great motivators. Motivation mixed with passion is a recipe for success, or at least, it should be. Chrysler has demonstrated passion and enthusiasm for decades and in the process have created some game-changing products, as well some that did little but fill dealer lots only to be heavily discounted to move.
By now, you've heard of hybrids: they use electricity and motors and batteries to help drive the vehicle to which all that is bolted -- all with the intent of lightening the load on that vehicle's gas engine.
Mission accomplished for Chrysler, who successfully transformed the lacklustre Sebring sedan into the more competitive 200. Sales have doubled in 2012 compared to the previous year, and when you add the sales numbers of the very similar Dodge Avenger, Chrysler sells more midsize sedans in Canada than any other automaker, beating out the Toyota Camry, the Ford Fusion and the Hyundai Sonata.
A total of 107,000 Dodge Grand Caravan and Chrysler Town & Country minivans from 2010-2014 are being recalled in Canada to fix an electrical issue.
Big Canadian auto shows are always privy to some pretty fantastic stuff; and why not? The Toronto auto show is Canada's largest auto platform, and is in the country's biggest market. It therefore makes all the sense in this big country of ours for this annual show to boast tons of goodies.
Five exciting new models from Chrysler Group will be on display at the 2014 Canadian International Auto Show in Toronto later this week.