Toyota has just added three new child models to its crash test dummy lineup. Representing children aged ten, six, and three, they are part of Version 4 of the company’s Total Human Model for Safety (THUMS) virtual crash dummy software designed to improve occupant protection.
THUMS is able to forecast the extent of injuries sustained throughout the human body, and thus, is utilized in the technological development of passenger protection devices such as airbags. It has also been used by NASCAR to formulate regulations for seat shapes that are better able to reduce the likelihood of rib fractures sustained in drivers.
THUMS Version 1 was launched in the year 2000. In 2015, Version 5 added simulated musculature, allowing the models to assume the same bracing positions that a human might just before a crash.